The Perfect Past Perfect Game is a card-based game to help your students understand and use the past perfect with one of its main contextual objectives: explain the reason behind a past event.
The principle is simple: Each card has a question in the past tense and 5 verbs to choose from with which to respond to said question while using the past perfect.
Each verb makes it harder and harder to come up with a logical response, and therefore, the points go up for each one.
Students share their responses and points are awarded.

More game material is found in the PDF along with instructions for 6 different ways to play.


Target Language

The Perfect Past Perfect Game is all about using the past perfect to explain a past event.

Why were Paul’s teeth so dirty this morning?

 Because he had eaten chocolate for breakfast = 1 POINT

Because he had tested a new revolutionary toothpaste that didn’t work. = 2 POINTS

Because he had slept at the office and hadn’t had time to brush his teeth. = 3 POINTS

Because he had received a box of chocolates for his birthday at the office. = 4 POINTS

Because he had played football on a muddy pitch and fell into the mud face first. = 5 POINTS



This game can be used with any level as long as they have been introduced to the past perfect beforehand.
Beginner students will be able to practice the basic usage of the past perfect while more advanced students will need to use their creativity to earn more and more points.



  • A 20-page PDF with instructions for all game variants and printable elements (question cards, open questions, elements, targets for slapping);
  • A VIRTUAL VERSION folder which groups together all the game cards in PNG format so that you can use them in a variety of different ways including: playing the game during your online lessons via screen-share or on a virtual whiteboard, using a projector or interactive whiteboard in your classroom, using your computer screen to display the game cards to your class, or making a limited selection of cards to print in order to limit printing and cutting.


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Ian Kime

Ian Kime

I have been teaching English abroad since receiving my CELTA certificate in Poland in 2018. I enjoy tracking my individual students’ development but love having lessons with big groups! Now that I teach online, I am accompanied by my sidekicks Olaf, Mała, Pirate and Bandit on a regular basis.

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